Wildflower Management: Perennial Wildflower List

It’s important to choose wildflowers that suit your site, just as important as it is with cultivated flowers.

Sometimes people have an idea of what they want but if the soil’s not right for those species, it’s not going to work.

Test the pH of your soil (you can do this with a home-testing kit found in most garden centres) and choose plants that will thrive in these conditions. Most wildflower suppliers and nurseries will be able to assist you.

 Soil or SituationSuitable wildlfowers
 Fertile Soils

Any cornfield annuals such as corn poppy, cornflower and corncockle

Unimproved clay soils
  • Devil’s-bit scabious
  • Ragged robin
  • Red campion
  • Selfheal
Free-draining sandy soils
  • Bird’s foot trefoil
  • Bladder campion
  • Evening primrose
  • Ox-eye daisy
  • Yarrow
Chalky soils
  • Bird’s foot trefoil
  • Bladder Campion
  • Common agrimony
  • Cowslip
  • Meadow cranesbill
  • Salad burnet
  • Small scabious
Wet area
  • Cowslip
  • Cuckooflower
  • Meadowsweet
  • Meadow buttercup
  • Purple loosestrife
  • Ragged robin
  • Water avens
Shady area
  • Bugle
  • Greater stitchwort
  • Nettle-leaved bellflower
  • Sweet woodruff
  • Wood anemone
Rough grassed area
  • Bladder campion
  • Field scabious
  • Greater knapweed
  • Meadow Buttercup
  • Musk mallow

Suitable grasses for wildflower seed mixes

  • Agrostis capillaris (common bent)
  • Alopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)
  • Anthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)
  • Cynosurus cristatus (crested dog’s tail)
  • Festuca ovina (sheep’s fescue)
  • Festuca rubra (red fescue)
  • Hordeum secalinum (meadow barley)
  • Phleum bertolonii (smaller cat’s tail)
  • Poa pratensis (smooth meadow grass)
  • Poa trivialis (rough meadow grass)
  • Trisetum flavescens (yellow oat grass)

Some wildflowers for the spring meadow

  • Cardamine pratensis (lady’s smock)
  • Fritillaria meleagris (snake’s head fritillary)
  • Hypochoeris radicata (cat’s ear)
  • Leontodon hispidus (rough hawkbit)
  • Leucanthemum vulgare (ox-eye daisy)
  • Primula veris (cowslip)
  • Primula vulgaris (primrose)
  • Prunella vulgaris (self heal)
  • Ranunculus acris (meadow buttercup)
  • Rhinanthus minor (yellow rattle)
  • Sanguisorba minor (salad burnet)
  • Stellaria graminea (lesser stitchwort) 

Some wildflowers for the summer meadow

  • Achillea millefolium (yarrow)
  • Campanula rotundifolia (harebell)
  • Centaurea nigra (common knapweed)
  • Centaurea scabiosa (greater knapweed)
  • Galium verum (lady’s bedstraw)
  • Knautia arvensis (field scabious)
  • Malva moschata (musk mallow)
  • Origanum vulgare (marjoram)
  • Succisa pratensis (devil’s bit scabious)
  • Tragopogon pratensis (goat’s-beard)  

Wildflowers for mown lawns

  • Ajuga reptans (bugle)
  • Bellis perennis (lawn daisy)
  • Hippocrepis comosa (horseshoe vetch)
  • Lotus corniculatus (bird’s foot trefoil)
  • Taraxacum officinale (dandelion)
  • Trifolium dubium (yellow trefoil)
  • Trifolium repens (white clover)
  • Bulbs, corms and tubers for establishing in woodland or shade
  • Allium ursinum (ramsons)
  • Anemone nemorosa (wood anemone)
  • Bulbs, corms and tubers for establishing in grassland
  • Fritillaria meleagris* (snake’s head fritillary)
  • Galanthus nivalis (snowdrop)

*most satisfactory where grass is not vigorous and is unmown until July

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